CLAY Team Sports Officials Certification (BB)
CLAY Officials represent truth and authority. That's a heavy burden unless you embrace His truth and His authority... and that's how the Holy Spirit shapes the spirit of competition.

CLAY is a competitive league; we want our players to learn how to win and lose with grace in a Christian atmosphere. Therefore, we count on you to be an integral part of our program. So join the players and coaches at the star of the game for the recitation of the Athlete's Pledge, a short devotional and prayer.

In addition to learning the hand signals below, CLAY Officials are also expected to know and uphold the rules set forth in the CLAY League Structure and CLAY Specialty Rules.

IMPORTANT NOTES:

1) This certification is not meant to replace or supersede certifications issued by state high school athletic associations (i.w. PIAA in Pennsylvania / OHSAA in Ohio) and/or organizations who issue such certifications. CLAY highly recommends all CLAY officials attain that level of certification as it will benefit you, CLAY and the players we are entrusted to protect.

2) Facility providers will schedule referees from the approved list CLAY supplies. Please complete all information below, including preferences for various age groups.
  • The following officiating signals are used in officiating CLAY games, and are to be accompanied with the blowing of a whistle:

  • 3-Pointer
    Raise your right arm as the ball is shot from behind the three point line; raise your left arm if the shot is made.
  • Basket Interference
    Using your right hand, make a circular motion over your left hand. This violation results in a turnover.

    The team in-bounding the ball will do so from the closest designated in-bounding position:
    -- To the left or right of the basket;
    -- Midway between the half-court line and the end of the court; or,
    -- At the half-court line.
  • This violation is called when a defending player does not get into position near the basket and results in the offensive team in-bounding the ball from the closest in-bounding position as described above unless the offended team is in bonus.

    This is generally called when an offensive player could be called for charging, but the defender was not in position.

    CLAY Bonus Rule: When a team reaches 7 fouls in a half, the other team is in "bonus" and will shoot 1&1; at 10 team fouls, the other team is in "double bonus" and will shoot 2.
  • The score or play is cancelled; usually due to interference. The ball is awarded to the team who last had possession. They will in-bound the ball from the closest in-bounding position as described above.
  • Charging
    This violation occurs when an offensive player runs into a defensive player who has established position as evidenced by both feet on the floor and not moving. The violation results in a turnover. The team awarded the ball will in-bound from the closest in-bounding position as described above unless that team is in bonus as described above.
  • This signal is used to communicate the number of an offending player to the scorekeeper. Use your right hand to indicate the first number and your left hand to indicate the second number. The image shown indicates the number 52.
  • Use this signal at the start of play (after scoring, jump ball situations and turnovers) to indicate the direction of play for the offense.
  • Use this signal to indicate when an offensive player and defensive player foul each other. Both players will be charged a foul. If either tea is in bonus as described above, the fouled player(s) are awarded free throw attempts. The possession arrow determines which team will in-bound the ball after any free throw attempts are made. That team will in-bound the ball from the closest in-bounding position as described above.


    Possession Arrow: At the start of the game, the possession arrow points to the team who lost the opening tip. The arrow changes at each jump ball situation and immediately after the initial in-bounding at the start of the second, third and fourth quarters.

    Jump Ball Situations:
    -- When a held ball is called.
    -- When officials are in doubt or disagree about which player last touched the ball before going out of bounds.
    -- A double free-throw violation occurs (both teams step into the lane before the ball is released) during an unsuccessful last or only free throw attempt.
  • This violation occurs when a defensive player interferes with the ball while on its way to the basket and it is in a downward flight, entirely above the rim and has the possibility of entering the basket, and is not touching the rim. This violation results in awarding the shooting team the points for that shot (2 or 3 depending on where the offensive player released the ball).
  • This violation occurs when a player grabs or holds a player on the opposing team. The violation results in a turnover. The team awarded the ball will in-bound from the closest in-bounding position as described above unless that team is in bonus as described above.
  • Illegal (Double) Dribble
    This violation occurs when an offensive player dribbles the ball, stops the dribbling motion and begins to dribble again. This violation results in a turnover. The team awarded the ball will in-bound from the closest in-bounding position as described above.
  • Illegal Defense (3 Second Violation)
    This violation occurs when the a defensive player stays in the lane for more than 3 seconds without closely guarding an offensive player.

    -- This violation is not called in FUNdamental division play.
    -- This violation results in a friendly warning to the offending player for Developmental division play.
    -- This violation results in the offense in-bounding the ball from the closest in-bounding position as described above in all other divisions.
  • Illegal Screen (Illegal or Moving Pick)
    This violation occurs when an offensive player attempts to block a defensive player but does not have his or her feet set. This violation results in a turnover. The team awarded the ball will in-bound from the closest in-bounding position as described above.
  • Jump Ball
    A jump ball is called:
    -- When a held ball is called (both offensive and defensive player are maintaining possession of the ball).
    -- When officials are in doubt or disagree about which player last touched the ball before going out of bounds.
    -- When a double free-throw violation occurs (both teams step into the lane before the ball is released) during an unsuccessful last or only free throw attempt.

    The possession arrow determines which team is awarded the ball. That team will in-bound the ball from the closest in-bounding position as described above.
  • Outstretch both arms then bend both elbow simultaneously. This violation is called when neither team is in clear possession of the ball. The possession arrow determines which team will in-bound the ball from the most appropriate in-bound position.
  • This violation occurs when a player illegally contacts a player on the opposing team. The violation results in a turnover. The team awarded the ball will in-bound from the closest in-bounding position as described above unless that team is in bonus as described above.

    NOTE: If the contact creates a disadvantage for either player then it is called a foul - if not, no violation has occurred.

  • Pushing
    This violation occurs when a player pushes a player on the opposing team. The violation results in a turnover. The team awarded the ball will in-bound from the closest in-bounding position as described above unless that team is in bonus as described above.
  • Technical Foul
    A technical foul is called on a player (whether on the court or the bench) or coach who violates any rule that does not involve contact fouls as described above. This can include taunting, extreme outbursts, profanity and verbal abuse of others. It also includes any physical altercations (a double technical foul should be called on the a player instigating a physical altercation - one for an extreme outburst and one for the physical altercation).

    Players receiving two technical fouls in one game are immediately ejected from the game; however, they must remain on the bench with their team.

    It is up to CLAY coaches to determine any further disciplinary action EXCEPT for physical altercations. A player ejected for a physical altercation may not play until cleared by the pastor of the church sponsoring the team.

    This violation award the offended team or player a free throw attempt. All players except the designated shooter must stand behind the three-point line during the free throw attempt.

    NOTE: It is possible for a player to commit both a technical foul and another type of foul (such as a personal foul). If that is the case, the designated shooter will be awarded any additional free throw attempts based on that team's bonus status.
  • Time In
    Essentially, this signal is a gesture to the teams it is time to come back onto the court. This signal should immediately follow the buzzer announcing the end of the time out period.
  • All CLAY time-outs are 30 seconds in length and are granted only to offensive teams with the exception of CLAY's Injury Time Out Rule. After signaling the time-out, point to the bench of the team requesting the time-out so the scorekeeper can charge the correct team. The offensive team will in-bound the ball from the half-court line.
  • Traveling
    Rotate your hands and forearms over each other to signal this violation that occurs when a player who has possession of the ball attempts to advance his or her position without dribbling the ball. The player is permitted to move one foot; however, the other must stay in position as the pivot foot (a player can use either foot as the pivot foot, but cannot change that foot until he or she dribbles the ball).

    This violation results in a turnover. The team awarded the ball will in-bound from the closest in-bounding position as described above.
  • Referee Expectations

  • YES
    OH - Marion County
    PA - Crawford County
    PA - Erie County
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  • By typing your name in this field, you are signing this form electronically. We thank you for your willingness to serve.